First Nation Culture
Who They are
The OJIBWE -OJIBWAY – OJIBWA
Garden River FN.
Serpent River FN
Whitefish FN and the other
Two groups that are present in our area : Missanabie Cree, Métis Nations of Ontario.
Language : Ojibway/ Algonquin/ Cree/ Michif
Ojibwa, Ottawa and Algonkian are considered a single language with several dialects.
- The Ojibwe language, with 6,000 verb forms, is highly complex
- In the 1992 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records, the Ojibwe language was included under“languages most complex” for having the most verb forms.
- The Ojibwa language is known as Anishinaabemowin or Ojibwemowin.
There are currently over 630 recognized First Nations governments or bands spread across Canada.
- Approximately 120 bands of Native Peoples have occupied the Great Lakes basin over the course of history.
- Between 2001 and 2006, the Aboriginal population in Sault Ste. Marie grew by 29%. The First Nations population grew by 16%, while the Métis grew by 53%.
- According to Statistics Canada (2006), in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario the First Nations is the largest Aboriginal group.
- The people believed in only one Supreme Being, The Creator, whose mighty power governs and directs the beginning and end of all things.
- Spiritual beliefs and rituals were very important to the Ojibwa because spirits guided them through life.
- The Ojibwa have a number of spiritual beliefs passed down by oral tradition under the Midewiwin( traditional healers) teachings.
- Ojibwa considered themselves one element of nature, no greater or less significant than any other living being.
How did they contribute to life in Sault Ste. Marie
- The contributions of the First Nation peoples were essential to European exploration and the fur trade in the history.
- First Nations people taught the newcomers how to live comfortably by wearing properly-made skin and fur clothing.
- The Ojibwa have made a number of significant contributions , they discovered maple sugar and wild rice and invented hammocks, snowshoes, canoeing, and lacrosse.
- The “know-how” of the First Nations people saved the lives of countless Europeans in those early days of exploration and trade
Holidays and Celebrations
Notable First Nation decent in Sault Ste. Marie
- Adam Beach, actor known for his work in Flags of Our Fathers and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.
- Larry Phillip (Phil) Fontaine, Former National Chief, Assembly of First Nations
- Robert Houle, artist, critic, and curator.
- Al Hunter, Anishinaabe writer and poet. Al Hunter is Anishinaabe from Manitou Rapids, Rainy River First Nations. Al has published his poetry in many journals and anthologies, including, Rampike; Canadian Literature; Boyhood, Growing Up Male: A Multicultural Anthology; Poets Who Haven’t Moved to Minneapolis; North Coast Review; New Breed; and Gatherings.
- Wilma Pelly, actor
- Tommy Prince One of Canada’s most decorated First Nations soldiers.
- Ted Nolan, Nolan led the Greyhounds to the three consecutive Memorial Cup tournament berths, winning the Canadian national junior championship in 1993.NHL coach for the Buffalo Sabres (1995-1997) and New York Islanders (2006-2008), Winner of the the Jack Adams Award (coach of the year) (1996-1997), Head Coach of Latvia men’s national ice hockey team 2011.
- Mrs Jackie Fletcher Sault Ste. Marie Community leader.
- Chief Dean Sayers Chief, Batchewana First Nation.
- Chief Kim Rainville Chief, Missanabie Cree
- Chief Lyle Sayers Chief, Garden River